Kihon (基本, きほん) is a Japanese term meaning "basics" or "fundamentals." The term is used to refer to the basic techniques that are taught and practiced as the foundation of most Japanese martial arts.

The practice and mastery of kihon is essential to all advanced training, and includes the practice of correct body form and breathing, while practicing basics such as stances, punches, kicks, blocks, and thrusts, but it also includes basic representative kata.

Kihon is not only practicing of techniques, it is also the budōka fostering the correct spirit and attitude at all times.

Kihon techniques tend to be practiced often, in many cases during each practice session. They are considered fundamental to mastery and improvement of all movements of greater complexity.

Uke - Blocks

Inside Block - Uchi-uke

Outside Block - Soto-uke

Downward Block - Gedan-uke

Rising Block - Jodan-uke

X Block - Kosa-uke

Palm Block - Shotei-uke

Knife Hand Block - Shuto-uke

Dachi - Stances

Horse Stance - Kiba-dachi

Front Stance - Zenkutsu-dachi

Back Stance - Kokutsu-dachi

Cat Foot Stance - Nekoashi-dachi

X Stance - Kosa-dachi

Ready Stance - Kamae

Immovable Stance - Fudo Dachi

Strikes Uchi / Zuki

Jodan-zuki - Upper Level Punch

Chudan-zuki - Middle Level Punch

Gedan-zuki - Lower Level Punch

Gyaku-zuki - Reverse Punch

Oi-zuki - Lunge Punch

Nukite-zuki - Spear Hand

Kentsui-uchi - Hammer Fist

Shuto-uchi - Knife Hand

Uraken-uchi - Backfist Strike

Shotei-uchi - Palm Strike

Tate-zuki - Vertical Punch

Haito-uchi - Ridge Hand

Empi-uchi - Elbow Strike

Kage-zuki - Hook Punch

Morote - zuki - Double Fist U-Punch

Ura - zuki - Uppercut

Yama - zuki - Two-Level Double Punch

Kicks - Keri

Hiza-ate - Knee Smash

Mae-geri - Front Kick

Yoko-geri - Side Kick

Ushiro-geri - Back Kick

Mawashi-geri - Roundhouse Kick

Ashi-barai - Leg Sweep

Mikazuki-geri - Crescent Kick

Kansetsu-geri - Mantis Kick (Knee Joint Kick)

Ura Mawashi-geri - Hook Kick

Kakato-geri - Axe Kick